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Nasal Polyps Symptoms & Treatment

What are nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps are characterized by excess tissue growth along the lining of the sinuses. Polyps in the nasal passageway hang down in a teardrop shape and are usually not visible without special tools used by an ear, nose, and throat doctor. Nose polyps are usually small, soft, and painless–although they can cause complications in some cases. When sinus polyps impede the airflow through the nasal passageway, it could cause swollen sinuses, dry sinuses, or chronic sinusitis.

What causes nasal polyps?

Nose polyps could be caused by one or more of the following:

  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Swollen sinuses
  • Asthma
  • Certain immune system disorders

What are some common nasal polyps symptoms?

There are several signs that could indicate that you may be suffering from nasal polyps. It is important to check with an ear, nose and throat doctor if you notice the following symptoms of nasal polyps:

  • Dry sinuses
  • Snoring
  • Congestion/stuffiness
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
  • Nasal pressure
  • Headaches
  • Decreased ability to smell
  • Postnasal drip
  • Runny nose

How are nasal polyps diagnosed?

Nasal polyps are diagnosed using a physical examination of the nasal passageway, usually by an ear, nose, and throat physician. A small tool called an otoscope allows your doctor to emit a bright light inside the nose and view parts of the nasal passageway that are otherwise hidden. Your doctor will also ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history to better understand your sinus problem. In some cases, your doctor may use one of the following additional tests to get more information about your symptoms and condition:

  • Allergy testing
  • Image testing (MRI or CT scans)
  • Nasal endoscopy testing

How are nasal polyps treated or removed?

Nasal polyps can be treated using medication or with surgery in more serious cases. When needed, a polypectomy/nasal polyps removal surgery may be recommended. This kind of surgery involves removing the polyp completely, which opens the nasal passageway and allows regular drainage and airflow through the sinuses. When surgery is not an option, patients may opt for nasal polyp medication that can shrink the size of the polyp. When polyp reducing medication is used, it can be administered in the following methods:

  • Corticosteroid injection
  • Corticosteroid nasal spray
  • Corticosteroid pills

In addition, other medications may be used to help alleviate your symptoms and lessen the effects of the nasal polyp. These may include:

  • Antihistamines (for allergies)
  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Painkillers
  • Talk with your doctor to determine which treatment method is right for you.

If you are suffering from nasal polyps, the first step is to consult with a sleep health expert. Ear, nose, and throat specialists at eos sleep have extensive experience in treating ear, nose, and throat conditions as well as sleep-related problems. Call 1-212-873-6036 today or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment or to learn more about eos sleep treatment options.

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